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CARBOHYDRATES AND ELECTROLYTES (Systemic)
Some commonly used brand names are:
In the U.S.—
Other commonly used names are oral rehydration salts , ORS-bicarbonate , and ORS-citrate . §
‡ Resol is available to hospitals only.
§ Distributed by the World Health Organization (WHO).
Carbohydrate and electrolytes combination is used to treat or prevent dehydration (the loss of too much water from the body) that may occur with severe diarrhea, especially in babies and young children. Although this medicine does not immediately stop the diarrhea, it replaces the water and some important salts (electrolytes), such as sodium and potassium, that are lost from the body during diarrhea, and helps prevent more serious problems. Some carbohydrate and electrolytes solutions may also be used after surgery when food intake has been stopped.
This medicine is available without a prescription; however, your doctor may have special instructions on the proper use and dose for you or your child.
Carbohydrate and electrolytes combination is available in the following dosage forms:
Before Using This Medicine
If you are taking this medicine without a prescription, carefully read and follow any precautions on the label. For carbohydrate and electrolytes solutions, the following should be considered:
Allergies—Tell your health care professional if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to medicines containing potassium, sodium, citrates, rice, or sugar. Also tell your health care professional if you are allergic to any other substances, such as foods, preservatives, or dyes.
Pregnancy—Carbohydrate and electrolytes solutions have not been shown to cause birth defects or other problems in humans.
Breast-feeding—This medicine has not been reported to cause problems in nursing babies. Breast-feeding should continue, if possible, during treatment with carbohydrate and electrolytes solution.
Children—This medicine has been tested in children and, in effective doses, appears to be safe and effective in children. This medicine has not been tested in premature infants.
Older adults—This medicine has been tested and has been shown to be well tolerated by older people.
Other medicines—Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. Tell your health care professional if you are taking any other prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicine.
Other medical problems—The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of carbohydrate and electrolytes solutions. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:
Proper Use of This Medicine
For patients using the commercial powder form of this medicine:
For patients using the freezer pop form of this medicine:
For patients using the powder form of this medicine distributed by the World Health Organization (WHO) :
Babies and small children should be given the solution slowly, in small amounts, with a spoon, as often as possible, during the first 24 hours of diarrhea.
Take as directed. Do not take it for a longer time than your doctor has recommended. To do so may increase the chance of side effects.
Dosing—The dose of these combination medicines will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor"s orders or the directions on the label . The following information includes only the average doses of these medicines. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.
Storage—To store this medicine:
Precautions While Using This Medicine
Eat soft foods, if possible, such as rice cereal, bananas, cooked peas or beans, and potatoes to keep up nutrition until the diarrhea stops and regular food and milk can be taken again. Breast-fed infants should be given breast milk between doses of the solution.
If your diarrhea does not improve in 1 or 2 days, or if it becomes worse, check with your doctor.
Also, check with your doctor immediately if your baby or child appears to have severe thirst, doughy skin, sunken eyes, dizziness or lightheadedness, tiredness or weakness, irritability, difficult urination, loss of weight, or convulsions (seizures). These signs may mean that too much water has been lost from the body.
For patients (except nursing babies) using the powder form of this medicine:
For patients taking the premixed liquid form of this medicine:
Side Effects of This Medicine
Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.
Check with your doctor as soon as possible if any of the following side effects occur:
Symptoms of too much sodium (salt) in the body
Convulsions (seizures); dizziness; fast heartbeat; high blood pressure; irritability; muscle twitching; restlessness; swelling of feet or lower legs; weakness
Symptoms of too much fluid in the body
Other side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. However, check with your doctor if the following side effect continues or is bothersome:
Other side effects not listed above may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your doctor.
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