|K-Phos M. F.
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Some commonly used brand names are:
In the U.S.—
Phosphates are used as dietary supplements for patients who are unable to get enough phosphorus in their regular diet, usually because of certain illnesses or diseases. Phosphate is the drug form (salt) of phosphorus. Some phosphates are used to make the urine more acid, which helps treat certain urinary tract infections. Some phosphates are used to prevent the formation of calcium stones in the urinary tract.
Injectable phosphates are to be administered only by or under the supervision of your health care professional. Some of these oral preparations are available only with a prescription. Others are available without a prescription; however, your health care professional may have special instructions on the proper dose of this medicine for your medical condition. You should take phosphates only under the supervision of your health care professional.
Phosphates are available in the following dosage forms:
Importance of DietFor good health, it is important that you eat a balanced and varied diet. Follow carefully any diet program your health care professional may recommend. For your specific dietary vitamin and/or mineral needs, ask your health care professional for a list of appropriate foods. If you think that you are not getting enough vitamins and/or minerals in your diet, you may choose to take a dietary supplement.
The best dietary sources of phosphorus include dairy products, meat, poultry, fish, and cereal products.
The daily amount of phosphorus needed is defined in several different ways.
Normal daily recommended intakes for phosphorus are generally defined as follows:
Before Using This Medicine
In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your health care professional will make. For phosphates the following should be considered:
Allergies—Tell your health care professional if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to potassium, sodium, or phosphates. Also, tell your health care professional if you are allergic to any other substances, such as foods, preservatives, or dyes.
Pregnancy—It is especially important that you are receiving enough vitamins and minerals when you become pregnant and that you continue to receive the right amount of vitamins and minerals throughout your pregnancy. The healthy growth and development of the fetus depend on a steady supply of nutrients from the mother. However, taking large amounts of a dietary supplement in pregnancy may be harmful to the mother and/or fetus and should be avoided.
Breast-feeding—It is especially important that you receive the right amount of vitamins and minerals so that your baby will also get the vitamins and minerals needed to grow properly. However, taking large amounts of a dietary supplement while breast-feeding may be harmful to the mother and/or baby and should be avoided.
Children—Problems in children have not been reported with intake of normal daily recommended amounts. However, use of enemas that contain phosphates in children has resulted in high blood levels of phosphorus.
Older adults—Problems in older adults have not been reported with intake of normal daily recommended amounts.
Other medicines—Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your health care professional may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are taking phosphates, it is especially important that your health care professional know if you are taking any of the following:
Other medical problems—The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of phosphates. Make sure you tell your health care professional if you have any other medical problems, especially:
Proper Use of This Medicine
For patients taking the tablet form of this medicine:
For patients using the capsule form of this medicine:
For patients using the powder form of this medicine:
Take this medicine immediately after meals or with food to lessen possible stomach upset or laxative action.
To help prevent kidney stones, drink at least a full glass (8 ounces) of water every hour during waking hours , unless otherwise directed by your health care professional.
Take this medicine only as directed . Do not take more of it and do not take it more often than recommended on the label, unless otherwise directed by your health care professional.
Dosing—The dose of these single or combination medicines will be different for different patients. Follow your health care professional"s orders or the directions on the label . The following information includes only the average doses of these medicines. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your health care professional tells you to do so.
The number of teaspoonfuls or ounces of prepared solution that you drink depends on the equivalent amount of phosphorus contained in the product. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are taking the single or combination medicine .
Missed dose—If you miss a dose of this medicine, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is within 1 or 2 hours of your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.
Storage—To store this medicine:
Precautions While Using This Medicine
Your health care professional should check your progress at regular visits to make sure that this medicine does not cause unwanted effects.
Do not take iron supplements within 1 to 2 hours of taking this medicine . To do so may keep the iron from working properly.
For patients taking potassium phosphate-containing medicines :
For patients on a potassium-restricted diet :
For patients on a sodium-restricted diet :
Side Effects of This Medicine
Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.
Check with your health care professional as soon as possible if any of the following side effects occur:
Less common or rare
Confusion; convulsions (seizures); decrease in amount of urine or in frequency of urination; fast, slow, or irregular heartbeat; headache or dizziness; increased thirst; muscle cramps; numbness, tingling, pain, or weakness in hands or feet; numbness or tingling around lips; shortness of breath or troubled breathing; swelling of feet or lower legs; tremor; unexplained anxiety; unusual tiredness or weakness; weakness or heaviness of legs; weight gain
Other side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. However, check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome:
Diarrhea; nausea or vomiting; stomach pain
Other side effects not listed above may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your health care professional.
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